A delightful ABC book of circus anecdotes principally focusing on the most famous acts of Barnum and Bailey. It is all done in the style of the big circus posters of the 30’s advertising the next circus to come to town. Visually gorgeous.
Carlyn Beccia, Houghton Mifflin, ©2007, 978-0-618-71718-7
There are many common words and expressions that come from the circus world. Here are a few to explore with your students. They have been taken from the circus and theatre episode of America’s Secret Slang, a worthwhile TV series:
- Circus: from the Circus Maximus in Rome (circo=-circle, maximus = biggest).
- Float: because they started out as decorated floating barges.
- Carnival: from carne = meat, and val = removal. A celebration to eat all the food before the month of Lent in the Catholic faith
- Mardi Gras: mardi= Tuesday, gras= fat. Fat Tuesday. Again, the day to eat all the meat before Lent when meat may not be eaten.
- Dog and Pony Show: from a cheap circus that only had a trained dog and a pony. Now used to mean any pair of speakers—like politicians—with a simple “act.
- Jumping through hoops: from tricks done by trained dogs, to mean anyone who will do anything to get the deal.
- Jumbo: from Jumbo the elephant, but now meaning large, as in jumbo popcorn.
- Gimmick: a trick used by a carnie to cheat suckers at a carnival skill game.
- Close but no cigar: a prize at a carnival skill game was often a cigar.
A springboard from a picture book to personal writing should provide at least three topics if possible. Here are some ideas:
- Stories of going to any tent show—a circus, Bard on the Beach, Children’s Festival, Cirque du Soleil, Cavalia, etc.
- Stories of being fooled by something or someone: a magic show, an optical illusion, a friend.
- The ABC’s of school words, with an explanation for each.
A is for alphabet.
B is for brush.
C is for classroom, and so on.
Parts of the midway were often interesting hoaxes for fairgoers— the Fiji Mermaid perhaps being the most famous. There is a detailed list of hoaxes for a student inquiry in the pdf. Why do people create a hoax? What is the difference between fraud and a hoax? Why do people believe in hoaxes? How do we define a hoax?
For 7 creative writing ideas, click Who Put the B in Ballyhoo to download.